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Forest Invasivesbreadcrumb separatorIntro to Invasivesbreadcrumb separatorQuick Tips

Quick Tips


  • Report all new sightings! Under federal legislation, a duty exists for everyone to report all invasive plant and animal pests to the Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA). If you see an invasive species, you should note the location and details of the sighting and report it to your local invasive species organization, your municipality, or your nearest CFIA office. Sightings can also be reported here

  • Don’t move firewood! Always buy firewood locally, near your cottage or campsite. If you don’t use all the firewood, leave it there and do not transport it back home. Transporting firewood can very easily move invasive species to a new area, and is one of the most common ways in which they spread.

  • Be sure to clean your shoes, bikes, ATVs, and other outdoor equipment thoroughly after a hike or ride through a natural area and before moving to a new area. Make sure to clean off any mud, leaves, and seeds. Invasive species can easily be transported from one area to another on shoes or equipment that has not been cleaned properly.

  • Stay on trails and pathways through forests when hiking. Also, if walking a dog, be sure to keep the dog on leash and on the trail. Invasive pests can easily be picked up on clothing, shoes, and by dog’s fur when off the trail, and then could be transported to another area. Invasive pests can also more easily move into disturbed sites, so disturbance from walking off trail causes new areas to become more vulnerable to invasions.

  • Avoid known infested sites. If an invasive forest plant is known to be in the area, avoid entering the area, as traces of it could be picked up on clothing or boots and carried to a different area. If an area is known to be infested with other invasive forest pests, such as insects or diseases, avoid moving woody materials from the area to other areas. If possible, signs indicating an infested area should be put up by the land manager or municipality.

  • Plant native plants and trees, rather than non-native ones. Promoting a healthy and biodiverse ecosystem that is abundant with native species is important in discouraging the effects of invasive species.

  • Properly dispose of garden waste and compost material from your property. Do not dump this waste in parklands, forests, or natural areas (City of Toronto, 2013)

  • Do not move plants, seeds, fruits, woody materials, or other plant parts across borders.

  • Do not place bird feeders near hemlock trees; birds are known vectors of hemlock woolly adelgid.